#### Surveys in Approximation Theory, 6 (2011), 1-23.

## On the Power of Function Values for the Approximation Problem in Various Settings

### Erich Novak and Henryk Woźniakowski

**Abstract**. This is an expository paper on approximating functions from general Hilbert or Banach spaces in the worst case, average case and randomized settings with error measured in the *L _{p}* sense. We define the

*power function*as the ratio between the best rate of convergence of algorithms that use function values over the best rate of convergence of algorithms that use arbitrary linear functionals for a worst possible Hilbert or Banach space for which the problem of approximating functions is well defined. Obviously, the power function takes values at most one. If these values are one or close to one than the power of function values is the same or almost the same as the power of arbitrary linear functionals. We summarize and supply a few new estimates on the power function. We also indicate eight open problems related to the power function since this function has not yet been studied in many cases. We believe that the open problems will be of interest to a general audience of mathematicians.

**E-print:** `arXiv:1011.3682`

Published: 2 June 2011.

- PDF file (241 KB)

Erich Novak

Mathematisches Institut

Universität Jena

Ernst-Abbe-Platz 2, 07740 Jena, Germany

E-mail: novak@mathematik.uni-jena.de

Homepage: http://users.minet.uni-jena/~novak

Henryk Woźniakowski

Department of Computer Science

Columbia University

New York, NY 10027, USA

and

Institute of Applied Mathematics, University of Warsaw

ul. Banacha 2,

02-097 Warszawa, Poland

E-mail: henryk@cs.columbia.edu

Homepage: http://www.cs.columbia.edu/~henryk